Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy por Michael Oppenheimer,Naomi Oreskes,Dale Jamieson,Keynyn Brysse,Jessica O'Reilly,Matthew Shindell,Milena Wazeck

Titulo del libro: Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Autor: Michael Oppenheimer,Naomi Oreskes,Dale Jamieson,Keynyn Brysse,Jessica O'Reilly,Matthew Shindell,Milena Wazeck

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Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy por Michael Oppenheimer,Naomi Oreskes,Dale Jamieson,Keynyn Brysse,Jessica O'Reilly,Matthew Shindell,Milena Wazeck

Michael Oppenheimer,Naomi Oreskes,Dale Jamieson,Keynyn Brysse,Jessica O'Reilly,Matthew Shindell,Milena Wazeck con Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Críticas ""What do the ozone layer, the Antarctic ice sheet, and acid rain have in common? All are sites of scientific 'assessments': prolonged, focused, collaborative, and often international work of experts. The thousands of pages of reports they draft offer the hope of summarizing scientific findings, extending scientific questions, and recommending policy outcomes. But do the elusive dream of consensus and fear of accusations of political bias produce watered down policy? Or should scientists be bolder in their assessments of impending disasters? Combining the insights of science, policy, and science studies, this valuable book offers a guide for experts of all kinds navigating the always messy world of policy-relevant science.""--Janet Vertesi, Princeton University ""This is the first major study of what scientists actually do when they 'assess' in an assessment. It makes graphic how the development and assessment of scientific knowledge are interwoven and the vexed production of 'policy-ready knowledge' from this. Altogether a rich, original, and thought-provoking work.""--Nancy Cartwright, Durham University ""The book is rich with insights about the ways assessments contribute to the agendas of science and policy, often in unintended ways. Reading it can improve the contribution of every scientist thinking of working on an assessment and the value obtained by every policymaker planning to use one.""--Chris Field, Stanford University, co-chair of IPCC WGII, 2008-2015 ""This book provides an essential examination of the factors that shape and dictate our climate policy.""--Choice ""This book is a must-read for scientists and leaders of ongoing assessments, because it showcases the dilemma between consolidated knowledge, communicated as consensus, and challenges of uncertainties associated with emerging science."" --Thomas Stocker, University of Bern, Co-Chair of IPCC from 2008 to 2015 ""A meticulously researched study . . . . Oppenheimer et al. have produced what is essentially an assessment of assessments, and so its syntheses of insights across the case-study chapters add new knowledge even while they validate old knowledge that had formerly been largely anecdotal for most of us. This volume is therefore essential reading for participants of any large environmental assessment. . . . Discerning Experts is not exactly the 'first' comparative study of multiple assessments, but it is an important one because of the extraordinary quality of its documentation and analysis as well as its clever creation of critical and instructive diversity across its three case studies. . . . Natural and physical scientists will see how their work can be transmitted across humanity to help inform opinion about what is going on and perhaps what to do--on the basis of rigorous science. Perhaps, the largest value will be found among the young scholars who do their homework after being invited to participate in their first assessment. After they read this volume, they will understand what to expect and why their signing on is a valuable investment of their time.""--Climatic Change Reseña del editor How do scientists evaluate environmental knowledge for public policy? Discerning Experts examines three sets of landmark environmental assessments involving acid rain, ozone depletion, and sea level rise, exploring how experts judge scientific evidence and determine what the scientific facts are. The three case studies also explore how scientists come to agreement on contested issues, why consensus is considered important, and what factors contribute to confusion, bias, and error, and how scientists understand and navigate the boundaries between science and policy. The authors also suggest strategies for improving the assessment process. As the first study of the internal workings of large environmental assessments, this book explores the strengths and weaknesses of the assessment process and explains what it can-and cannot-be expected to contribute to public policy and the common good. Ver Descripción del producto